Osgood Schlatters and Severs is a painful condition that affects growing children usually between the ages of 11 and 16. In the past it has been more common in boys than girls however now we see an even distribution between boys and girls mainly due to girls having more chance to play sport.
The pain that occurs at the front of the knee and the back of the heel happens when the growth plate is inflamed. In a growing child the growth plate is slightly detached as this is where the growth of the bone occurs in length and when the child is very active this already inflamed growth plate can become angered and become very painful immediately after sports. It can be as painful as a broken bone. Rest and cool compresses immediately after sport will always help. However the children that are sporty off and do not want to rest and asking them to have time away from sport is very difficult and emotionally traumatising for them if they’re not playing sport every day. So this painful condition is a series of events. Firstly the child is always very active and sporty secondly the child will be going through an intense growth fees for example if you look at the lines behind their knees you will see a few of these lines where there should only be one in an adult these growth lines were sure how much they have grown in recent months. And thirdly the Inability to rest I am for a few weeks to allow the inflammation to go down exacerbates the condition. There is usually a structural issue that makes the problem worse for example the feet leaning and can cause extra pressure on the calf muscle to attach with the Achilles tendon into the back of the heel bone. Children with high arches off and develop more pain in their knees due to the very strong pull of the anterior tibialis muscle into the toes which attaches to below the front of the knee and this is where the growth plate exists.